2021 Step by step guide to successful app development

By Rania Jun 10, 2021, 10:19:56 AM , In Mobile Apps
2021 Step by step guide to successful app development

Smartphones invaded every aspect of our lives driving mobile apps to thrive as one of the most successful business investments with an unstoppably growing market share. The infant technologies in applications kept revolutionizing every industry and made every function and service easier and easier.

Wondering how those mobile apps are built under professional guidance and expert suggestions, here’s a full step-to-step guide for the mobile app development process.

With our 22 years of experience as a mobile app development company, we came to determine the best suitable practices to succeed in the app development process from discovery to maintenance and support to fit every idea and business strategy.

Let’s walk through it.

Understanding the Mobile App Development Platforms and methods

Mobile app development is a process for building mobile applications that run on mobile devices. Although the world came up with multiple operating systems powering our mobile devices, two are holding almost 99% of the mobile app market: iOS from Apple inc 27% and Android from Google 72%+.

Read more about which platform to develop for first in case of limited resources 

Mobile app development can be done from four different approaches:

  • Native Mobile app development 
  • Cross-Platform Native Mobile app development 
  • Hybrid Mobile Applications app development
  • Progressive Web Applications development 

Each has pros and cons depending on business conditions and resources. Choosing an approach that matches your strategy is a must in order to achieve the desired user experience with suitable features. You should always consider the fact that the iOS operating system only powers Apple devices only while Android one powers most mobile devices.

To develop scalable mobile apps, you should also consider targeted screen sizes, hardware requirements, and many other aspects.

What approach to opt for?

As mentioned previously, each development approach has pros and cons and is dedicated to a certain business strategy. The choice of the right approach can highly affect the fulfillment of your business needs as it  directly affects the user experience behind it.

Why Choosing iOS/ Android Native App Development?

Known advantages of opting for native app development is benefitting from native capacities within the platform like GPS, camera, microphone allowing developers to execute quicker and provide a better user experience. Native apps are also less exposed to bugs and have easy to implement push notifications 

Why choosing progressive web app development?

 Progressive app development is also known as PWAs provide uninterrupted access to network connectivity from the device browser without requiring native capabilities as they are coded in traditional web languages like Javascript, HTML5, CSS, etc 

Why choosing hybrid app development?

Hybrid applications combine the best of both worlds, web and native applications as it optimizes the development cost, provides easy access to data, works offline, and scales to a variety of operating systems.

Hire dedicated developers and get access to the best advice in the IT industry and hold in hand smart applications to spoil your customers 

Now that we understood different development approaches let’s dig into the steps of an effective mobile development process

2021 Mobile App Development Process 

We can summarize the mobile development process into four main milestones: clarifying requirements, developing phase, testing, deployment, and maintenance.

Opting for IndiaNIC services will grant you a full discovery workshop free of cost to help businesses define the why and the what of their projects

Understanding project requirement 

The first step in the mobile app development process is to fully understand and define the project requirements:

  •  What problems will it solve?
  • Who is the targeted audience?
  • What is your business model? 
  • How much are you ready to invest in building this app? 
  • What is the best suitable revenue model?
  • etc

Answering these questions is compulsory in moving forward with your mobile app development process.

Define needed features and technologies 

The output of this phase is the development of an ultimate list of features and well-reported market research and a fixed choice of the suitable tech stack.

Explore how the discovery workshop helps clients in software development

Define your Minimum Viable Product

A minimum viable product is the version of your app that has enough features to function and please your early customers in order to receive necessary feedback at minimum resources and move forward with the process.

The MVP should be:

  • Functional
  • Well designed 
  • Reliable
  • Usable

Read more about how much does it cost to build on-demand mobile apps

Define suitable UX/UI design

How your mobile application looks and feels makes a great deal of impression on the minds of your users. Choosing the right user interfaces for the aimed user experience.

What customers see and feel about your product is the vital element to the success of your app: the design, accessibility, marketing, usability, system performance, ergonomics, HCI, and also the utility of the app should be visible and understood accordingly in order to penetrate the competitive market.

The UI/UX design process includes brainstorming, wireframing, defining aesthetic elements, and prototyping. 

Read more about how to succeed in UI/UX design and how to brainstorm to build solution-oriented wireframes

The mobile app development phase

There are 3 components to develop: front end, backend, and API 

Every component has a technical architecture chosen for the tech stack. What your users will see is the front end. The development that is required from the side of the server is the backend. 

Backend, front end development 

Backend is responsible for storing, securing, and processing data.

Succeeding Backend and frontend development are crucial towards the functioning of the app and its informational flow although some apps don’t require a backend such as voice recording apps and calculators. 

iOS applications can be developed using Objective-C, Swift Programming Language, Flutter, or React Native while Android Applications can be developed using Java, Kotlin, Flutter, or React Native.

While  React Native isn’t the only technology serving dynamic businesses but there are 4 main situations where React Native is your best alternative for powerful app development 

  • Working prototypes 
  • Apps with streamlined UI
  • Basic cross-platform apps
  • Apps with heavy use of native APIs

Read more about why choosing react native for your mobile app development

Application programming development

The application programming interface or API in the abbreviation is a set of programming code, steps, instructions, and standards that connect one digital product or device to another to enable data transmission and the employment of external features or services. These APIs could be provided by companies like Amazon, Google, Facebook, or others, or developed internally by the mobile app development teams as Most of the mobile API Development is done using RestAPI. You can either build it yourself or you can buy from an existing API provider.

Securing mobile app against cyber attacks 

Accessing a mobile app is based on login logout credentials, personal info of users and when implemented it can contain important data that can drive an entire business to canyons if misused. CyberSecurity, also known as information technology security refers to the application of specific  IT technologies against any  unauthorized use or hacking of electronic data in servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, stocked data…etc

Read more about the threats of cybersecurity

Mobile App Testing

There is absolute agreement that the quality of services & products is what brings any organization to success! Quality management has been part of many industries over history but was brought into software development cycles relatively late. Nowadays it is a survival component for every business! When it comes to software development companies, Quality Assurance is a part of software quality management held by a QA team that ensures the procession and delivery of flawless products that align with the business goals and regulatory standards.

After successfully finishing the development of an application, it is necessary that the quality of the application is ensured to be on-point. 

Quality assurance testing(QA or QAT) is a continuous process of proactively identifying defects, bugs, and errors in developed applications, websites, or any software in order to take relevant measures and ensure the improvement of the development & maintenance processes,  the consistency of products & brand reputation, the alignment with the initial requirements, application of regulatory standards and eventually the delivery of flawless software.

There are many tests to conduct before delivering an app including 

  •  Functional tests: To ensure the app does deliver its tasks 
  • Performance tests: To ensure the app doesn’t bug 
  • UI/UX tests: To make sure the interface performs well
  • Documentation testing: The app supports the necessary documentation  
  • Security testing: The app is secure against hacking 
  • Data recovery testing: in case of malfunction the app recovers the lost data 
  • Certification testing: the app follows the App store or googles store guidelines and standards 
  • Etc 

Read more about QA testing and its importance

Launching and Maintenance

Once the practical development process is finished, the Mobile app deployment/ launch.

Steps to launch an app 

Launching an app successfully is done through the following steps 

  1. Optimizing codes 
  2. Setting up a CI flow using Jerkins, Bitrise, CircleCI, Travis, or Bitbucket Pipelines in case of the ownership of a server.
  3. Conducting static code analysis 
  4. Detecting crushes by using crashing tools like Instabug or Fabric
  5. Automating buildings like screenshots, beta deployment, App Store / Google Play deployment, and code signing
  6. Generating  user insights through monitoring engagement 

The launch of your mobile app isn’t the end of the whole process 

Mobile apps do require high maintenance and numerous updates so it is important to keep necessary relation with your app development service provider 

Last but not least, from all IndiaNIC teams good luck conquering the world with your mobile app!!

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